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First Nations & the River Convergence

The vast majority of local First Nations opposed this development.  It is vital to recognize that in indigenous cultures, the living heritage and spiritual significance lies in preserving a site in as natural a state as possible.

For more information on exploitation of the diversity of the First Nations community and the founding of the "First Nations Collective" following the instructions to the developers in 2019, please read the excellent independent article by by Jens Horber published on 4 August 2021 in the Daily Maverick Before the flood: What's really going on at the River Club and why it's in the wrong place.

Affidavits from First Nations entities in opposition to the development

Other Heritage Affidavits

First Nation Organisations opposing the development
This includes signing documentation of objection

!Aman Traditional Authority (Nama)

!Aman Traditional Council

!khoraIIgauIIaes Council

!KhoraIIgauIIaes Indigenous Authority

!Xun Bushmen, Northern Cape

IKhowese Nama Traditional Council

|Xam San - the National House of the |Xam Bushman Nation

ǂKhomani-San - Northern Cape, Botswana, Namibia

||Xegwi |Xam

|Xau Sakwa (Grass Bushmen) Gauteng

A|XARRA Restorative Justice Forum

Cochoqua Traditional Council

The House of Dawid and Klaas Stuurman

Democratic Federation of Indigenous People of South Africa

First Indigenous Nation of Southern Africa

Goringhaicona Khoi Khoin Traditional and Indigenous Council 

Guriqua, West Coast

Hawequa-|Xam, Cape Winelands

Kai Korana Transfrontier

Kalahari |Xam


Khoi and San Kingdom Council of Southern Africa 

Khoi and San Legal Resources Centre

Khoi Korana Trans Frontier Khoebaha

Khowese Nama Traditional Council

Sanquas, Swartland

Southern African Khoi and San Kingdom Council Khoi and San Legal Resources Centre

Ubiqua San

Western Cape Khoi and San Kingdom Council

Western Cape Legislative Khoisan Council

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This site does not presuppose to speak on behalf of the First Nations' community.

A Khoi website is underdevelopment and will be linked shortly. The below is only a brief summary


From the 1510 Battle of Gorinhaiqua where the Gorinhaiqua Khoi fought and killed Portuguese Viceroy Francisco De Almeida to the First Khoi-Dutch War in 1659-1660 this plain has been the site of the first acts of anticolonial resistance in no small part at the river convergence - a crossing point for indigenous herders and their cattle. A First Nations Report commissioned by the provincial department of transport and public works in 2019 reveals the historic and continued significance of the Liesbeek and Black River confluence to the First Nation interviewees. For more information on relevant legal documents and press please see below

First Nation History

Liesbeek Videos
Stop the River Club Development

A full list of organisations objecting see here

To sign our petition click here (note donations from this site do not come to us)

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